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Can End Sars Turn Into A Revolution?




I have been compelled to explicitly make my views known on the ongoing nationwide protests by mostly young Nigerian on the issue of “ENDSARS PROTEST.” Am duty bound as one of the most enlightened and educated Nigerian to contribute my opinion in one way or the other. The view which I am expressing here is likely to alienate some of my country men and women. On the other hand it may please many others. While others may be ambivalent. This is expected because we are in a heterogeneous society. Indeed the heterogeneity of our country is more complex than can be conjectured.

Why? Because with over one hundred and twenty ethnic configurations our country which was a faulty creation of the British colonial masters. Indeed, the creation of Nigeria by the British was one of the most wicked colonial acts by the British.

On the other hand it was one of the most costly mistakes of our fore fathers who negotiated the granting of independence to the peoples of Nigeria in 1960.

Of course, I as one of the offsprings of that pre-colonial era could not condemn our pre-independence leaders because they were under some perplexing circumstances.

Because Nnamdi Azikiwe was hoping to be the Prime Minister of a massive Nigeria. Apparently, he under estimated the hidden agenda by the British heaped on the Northern Nigeria during the negotiation. I can stand to bet anybody that if Nnamdi Azikwe had known that he would not be the Prime Minister of post independent Nigeria, he would not continue to accept to wait for the northerners for few more years for them to accept self government and later independence.

On the other hand, Chief Obagfemi Awolowo knew where he was and where he was going and he understood the British game. But he, too, preferred to wait for the Northerners to join independence simply because he, too, was very skeptical of the colonial powers. When the British guaranteed independence for Nigerians in 1960, he could have gone ahead to accept independence in 1957 along the East when the East had agreed to wait for the North for independence in 1960.

Honestly, while both the East and the West were negotiating with open mind the north was by and large being groomed by the British to prepare for a hegemonic trust of the leadership on the Northerners.

 Admittedly both Nnamdi Azikiwe and Awolowo presented a tenuous both cohesive position with the reluctant of the North to come up with the 1959 constitution which manifested in a federation of three regions with some incentives and safety valve to give each region some measure of independence in many areas. Of which one of the highlights was that each region should be developed at its own pace economically.

The result of this arrangement was that in many socioeconomic issues each region began to develop on its own pace.

As an Igbo son, after taking a second look at the Military coup of 1966 which was erroneously and wrongly termed “Igbo Coup” which destroyed the federal system of Aguiyi Ironsi led federal Military government. My position has since changed for two main reasons·

It was not Igbo coup however, the outcome could wrongly be termed Igbo coup. The consequence of that coup up till today is major cause of what we are suffering today because it was under Aguiyi Ironsi Federal regime that true federalism was inadvertently and replaced by a military system and it a “revolt” against this system is struggling to replace.

Unfortunately, the North who has been favored through several years of dictatorship has tenaciously and tenectical refused to restructure. According to one Igbo proverb, “It is easier to give a monkey a cup full of wine but impossible to retrieve it from that monkey.”

It is the myriad of political, social and economic challenges which the country has faced that resulted in the emergence of series of protests nationwide among the Nigerian youths. From every record and information available, in fact the end of SARS protest appears to be a hardheaded movement with no identified leadership which makes them to be controlled and invariably which makes it to metamorphose into a revolution.

As a political scientist and a historian, I have read numerous books on revolutions particularly in developing countries of Asia, Middle-East, Southeast-Asia and many other countries. Every revolution must have imprints of the following elements: general resentment of the leadership, massive satisfaction of the citizenry and above all, a wide spread anti-people oriented leadership. Admittedly, these three elements are currently present in the end SARS protest. Unfortunately, some strategies within the Buhari government who do not understand have resulting to cheap propaganda including baptizing some of the protesters as hoodlums who were obviously hired by some government officials to inject some elements of hooliganism in the movement and injecting some bad eggs into the movement in order to give them bad names. Government handlers had made costly mistakes by; “Mixing the bad eggs and the good eggs into one basket” this attitude had polarized the hitherto very peaceful coordinated protest.

Yes, the Federal Government has tried to blanket the protesters but the ill advised injection of hoodlums to disturb or distort the peaceful protest has projected problems of management to this so called crisis managers to the government.

On the hand, people have been asking that when the federal Government in particular had accepted the five point demand by the protesters, why have they not called off the protest? The answer is simple: due to non-cohesive nature of the protesters of the protest, hence they try to change the goal post in the middle of the game because by adding to their demand some other key issues makes the movement though serious but uncoordinated. Furthermore it weakens the bargaining powers of the protesters. In fact thinking for myself, I posit that the protesters have rattled the government enough to the effect that they should pull out of the street to package its responses respectively and implementable well by adding some other demands makes the whole efforts too immature.

Honestly, youths of this country and off course men and women of this country have swallowed over dosage of poor leadership propelled by ethnic and tribal propensities. Many would say to both sides, enough is enough. Let’s begin to use reasons to address our problems but for sure ENDSARS movement cannot and will not result in revolution because it lacks essential ingredients for revolution.

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EndSars: FG, not wrong to freeze Protesters Accounts – Malami



EndSars: Federal Government, not wrong to freeze Protesters Accounts - Malami

The Attorney-General of the Federation and Minister of Justice, Abubakar Malami (SAN), has said in a Channels Television’s ‘Politics Today’ programme, that the Federal Government was not wrong to freeze the bank accounts of 20 #EndSARS campaigners.

Government is not wrong particularly in circumstances that justifies intense investigation. It is the end result of an investigation that can determine whether government is right or wrong as determine by the court on the basis of the facts presented,” he said.

Following the destruction that trailed the #EndSARS protests last year, the Central Bank of Nigeria obtained a court order to freeze the accounts of the #EndSARS promoters.

However, a Federal High Court in Abuja on Wednesday ordered the CBN to unfreeze the accounts of the #EndSARS campaigners.

Read Also: #EndSars: Unfreeze Accounts of Protesters-Court

Some of the #EndSARS campaigners had since threatened to sue the Federal Government for trampling on their rights by freezing their accounts.

Malami had said hours later after receiving the order from the court to unfreeze the accounts, that said the decision to comply with the court order or not would not be out of intimidation, adding that the government cannot be intimidated.

He said, “The decision to comply with the court order or not is not a decision that is a product of intimidation; government cannot be intimidated, government cannot in anyway be compromised as far as the exercise of its constitutional powers are concerned but that does not mean the government is perpetually inconsiderate.

“The bottom-line is that the public interest matters most in whatever decision the government arrives at as far as compliance or non-compliance with the orders or judgments of the court are concerned. Intimidation is out of it, threats are out of it, constitutionality is the bottom-line.”

Malami stated further, that the regime of the President, Major General Muhammadu Buhari (retd.), was very lenient with the #EndSARS protesters, adding that no government all over the world, would tolerate a situation where so many policemen were murdered because citizens expressed their rights to lawful assembly and freedom of expression.

He however added, that the government would continue to protect Nigerians and their constitutional rights.

“The government is there to ensure there are no security threats and in so doing, the true position of things is that it is the responsibility of the government to accord protection to the lives of the citizens, their personal liberty, freedom of movement, and indeed accord protection to all the constitutionally guaranteed rights of individuals.

“So, the government, can, on no account, be forced to submission when protection of these rights are concerned” .

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Eastern Security Network: hunger takes centre stage in Orlu, others



…Govt imposes dusk to dawn curfew

…Soldiers block entry points

…Nnamdi Kanu attributes havoc to Buhari, Fulani

Following the duck to dawn curfew imposed in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State by the state Government over the battle between the members of the Eastern Security Network and Nigerian soldiers which had taken some lives, hunger has already taken centre stage in the area.

Our reporter assigned to the area revealed that Orlu people who are predominantly business people who after the day’s business buy food items from the plethora of local Markets in the area now find it difficult to make living following the imposition of the curfew by the state Government.

Also Read:Ohanaeze Ndigbo faction in solidarity with IPOB’s security network to secure Igboland

Nigeria Army who in the bid to fish out the said members of the Eastern Security Network founded by the Indigenous people of Biafra( IPOB) to protect the Eastern part of Nigeria from invasion of the Fulani Herdsmen in their hideout in one of the villages in Orlu, Umutanze precisely were attacked by the security persons, an act which as reported took lives of some of the soldiers.

Speaking on the issue, the leader of the group, Nnamdi Kanu blamed the federal Government and President Buhari in particular of the havoc in Orlu while accusing Fulani Herders of plot to take over the country.

Kanu who through his Twitter made it clear that if the Fulanis as well as the Presidency have no ulterior motive against the South East, why should they query the security network introduced in Igbo land to protect lives.

Following disturbing report on the activities of a group of militants that unleashed mayhem at residents of Orlu in Imo State, killing and maiming innocent citizens in the process, Governor Hope Uzodimma has imposed a dusk to dawn curfew in the affected areas just as he ordered the security agencies to fish out the perpetrators without fail.

He said the curfew is an interim measure to immediately restore the peace in Orlu area. It will start  at 6 pm and end at 6 am daily and affects; Orlu, Orsu, Oru East, Oru West, Ideato North, Ideato South, Njaba, Isu, Nwangele and Nkwerre local government areas of Orlu zone.

Addressing a news conference on the matter on Monday, Governor Uzodimma said the perpetrators of the carnage were out to paint a picture of near break down of law and order in Orlu area, noting that government condemns in its entirety acts of extreme hooliganism and brigandage.

The governor advised the residents of the affected LGAs to cooperate fully with the curfew as anyone who violates it will be treated as a suspect.

Governor Uzodimma said that security agencies have been directed to carry out a 24-hour patrol and that law abiding citizens can go about their businesses without fear of molestation.

The governor further condoles with the families of the bereaved and assured them that those who committed the heinous crime against them and their loves ones will not go unpunished.

Governor Uzodimma’s address read in full:  

“This afternoon, I received a very disturbing report on the activities of a group of Militants who unleashed a shooting spree in the Orlu area of the state, killing and maiming innocent citizen in the process.

“I am totally appalled by this sad report which appears to paint a picture of near breakdown of law and order in the Orlu area. The government condemns in its entirety this act of extreme hooliganism and brigandage. This is completely unacceptable to this administration. Those behind this callous barbarism will surely regret their actions.

Consequently, I have directed the security agencies to fish out without fail, all those behind the carnage and immediately bring them to book. Let no one be in any doubt that the perpetrators of this dastardly act will ever escape justice. I assure them that they will pay for their cruelty against a peace loving, innocent people.

“As an interim measure to immediately restore the peace in Orlu zone, a dusk to dawn curfew (6 pm to 6 am) is hereby imposed in the following Local Government Areas of Orlu zone; namely; Orlu, Orsu, Oru East, Oru West, Ideato North, Ideato South, Njaba, Isu, Nwangele and Nkwerre.

“All law-abiding citizens are advised to comply strictly with the curfew as announced. Anyone caught violating the curfew will be treated as a suspect.

“The government wants to assure all Imo people that the situation in Orlu area is under control. Security operatives have been deployed on a 24-hour patrol of the zone. Equally, every security measure necessary has been put in place to ensure that law-abiding citizens can go about their businesses in the affected areas without any fear of molestation.

 “The government sincerely condoles with the families of the bereaved and all the victims of the unfortunate incident. I assure them that those who committed the heinous crime against them and their loved ones will never go unpunished. “

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Who Owns Eastern Palm University?



By Ifeanyi Maduakor

In the first term of then Governor Rochas  Okorocha’s administration  between  2011 and 2015, Nigerians,  particularly Imo people  were told  that another  campus  of the Imo State  University had been  situated at Ogboko in Ideato-South  Local Government  Area of the State.  Communities and individuals lands were forcefully taken by the state through the instrumentality of the land use act for the purpose of building the campus of the Imo State University currently situated at Owerri. 
Imo people were told that the new university at Ogboko was solely owned by the state government, and was being built with state government’s funds.  Shortly  after, same rhetoric came from the state government led by Okorocha, that the new university would no longer be a mini-campus of Imo State University but now a separate university of its own with a new name and ownership.  Imo people were told that the new university which was originally intended to be a varsity solely owned by the state which necessitated the brazen seizure of people’s lands would now be a joint ownership between the state and some ghost private individuals in what was called public-private-partnership (PPP). 

However, there are some disturbing or nagging questions which need clarification on this contentious   issue of joint ownership of the tertiary institution at Ogboko. This university was  originally  planned and executed  as a  solely  owned state varsity, when did the  private sector partnership come into it since the public  sector (which is the state government) had  sunk a lot of  funds into it at the initial  stage knowing full well that it was a state university or satellite campus  of Imo State University?

In a public-private-partnership (PPP) arrangement, can any of the two partners be incorporated long after one of the partners had gone very far in the execution of a particular project or does PPP arrangement start at the foundation level? Is there any state in Nigeria where the state government and private individuals jointly own a tertiary institution? 
Assuming without conceding that such a PPP arrangement exists somewhere else, who are the individuals who make up the private partnership in this  case of  Eastern Palm University, Ogboko? Did National University Commission (NUC) register Eastern Palm University as a PPP arrangement or was it registered as a state government property? If NUC registered it as a PPP arrangement, what was the share ownership agreement between the public and private joint ownership during the registration?

The truth of the matter is that then Governor Okorocha ruled Imo State with unmitigated impunity. He had the delusion and concrete belief that he had subdued and pocketed the state and its people without a whimper from any quarter. He did what he did with the erroneous belief that his son-in-law would succeed him as the governor of Imo State in 2019. If he had succeeded in foisting or imposing his son-in-law as his successor, who would have questioned him about the ownership of this Eastern Palm University? How does one also rationalize or explain the brazen takeover of Imo Broadcasting Corporation (IBC) quarters at Orji in Owerri North which now houses Rochas Foundation College? 

Recently, there was a little brouhaha about the matriculation of this Eastern Palm University, Ogboko. The state governor was reported to have sealed the place, but another report said that Rochas Okorocha forcefully unsealed the place and the matriculation took place. If those reports were true, then is the state government no longer part of the so-called PPP ownership? Is the university now solely owned by Rochas Okorocha to the extent that he could unseal what the state government sealed without recourse to the state government’s joint ownership of the varsity? If the joint ownership truly exist, it is high time the state government took over the entire ownership of the varsity. Joint ownership of a tertiary institution between the state and private sector is an aberration which only purportedly exists in Eastern Palm University. 

Rochas Okorocha should divest his share ownership from the school and surrender the sole ownership of the school to the state. The state can never jointly own any project with him. It is not done anywhere in the world.

The Imo State government led by Distinguished Senator Hope Uzodinma should sweep the entire management and staff of the school, from the Vice-Chancellor to the gateman. The state government should be responsible for the recruitment of the staff of the varsity if actually, the state has a stake in the so-called joint ownership of the school. Since the state’s funds was sunk in the building of the varsity, the state can only recover its funds by taking charge of the appointment or recruitment of the staff, otherwise, the joint ownership is useless to the state if Rochas Okorocha is in charge of everything in the varsity. The state must never hand off its ownership of the varsity, rather it is the private individuals represented by  Rochas Okorocha who should hands off from the joint ownership of the school. 
There are so many Nigerians who have their privately-owned tertiary institutions, and if Rochas Okorocha wants to own a tertiary institution, he should so do now that he’s no longer a governor and build it with his own funds.

The latest defence or statement about the ownership of the university came from Okorocha who claims to own 90% equity share of the university while the state as a whole owns 10% equity investment. What manner of partnership does an individual own 90% while over five million Imolites own 10%? Why didn’t Okorocha build the varsity before he became the governor of Imo State? Is it not greed writ large for him to have used his exalted position as governor to appropriate a dominant chunk of equity share of the so-called partnership? Didn’t he contravene the constitution of Nigerian and the code of conduct by such action?

Maduako, writes from Owerri (08061562735).        

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